Rose can be grown by anybody as long as it is planted in a sunny area with good drainage. Always fertilize and water them to get the best-looking flowers and be mindful of diseases like black spot and powdery mildew.
Starting a rose flower garden isn’t that challenging; it’s just like starting a flowering shrub, but in other not to end up with poorly grown roses, here are 10 expert-approved tips to help you grow the best roses.
10 Rose Flower Gardening Tips
Roses can be purchased as dormant bare-root plants or in potting soil; both come with great benefits, but for a beginner, it is best you go with a potted rose plant as this is easy to transplant. You can get any of the two forms in a local nursery during their plant season.
Bare-root roses have a vast selection of varieties; they are also very economical if you are looking to cut costs. The bare-root rose require their roots to be soaked before planting in the ground and the roots must be watered frequently as they will require moisture for survival.
Plant At The Right Time
Spring is the best time to plant your rose, after the last frost, or six weeks before the first frost (in fall). Your rose shrub will have enough time to burrow the soil before going into its dormant phase during winter.
Potted rose is convenient to plant any time the climate conditions are favourable but for bare-root rose, planting should be done in early spring
Don’t Plant Too Much
There are many varieties of rose: climbing roses to ground covers, grandifloras to micro-miniatures. Resist the temptation to fill your garden with different types of rose, or it will end up with your shrubs looking crowded and a disarray appearance.
Give it All it Needs
The rose bush thrives in full sun, and it should receive sunlight six to eight hours a day. In cold regions, the rose should be planted next to a west or south-facing fence to help overcome the winter’s freeze damage.
The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter. If the soil is clayey or sandy, consider adding compost and organic matter to improve drainage and for moisture retention respectively.
Dig Deep To Sow Better
The size of the hole you dig matters. Dig wide and deep so that the roots can have enough room to establish themselves. If you are planning on planting several rose shrubs make sure to space each plant three to four feet apart- they will need plenty of growing-room as they mature
As you dig, mix a good amount of garden compost and other organic matter with the soil. Place this mix at the bottom of your hole and a little halfway to the fill. A slow-release fertilizer mix with soil should be used to fill the soil, ensure you are watering as you fill but don’t overdo this; roses don’t like wet feet.
Water Your Plant
Roses require a uniform moisture level. Watering your rose also depends on the soil type and the climate of your location. A soaker hose will help deliver water directly to the roots; do not trouble the leaves with watering. For sandy soil, you will have to water frequently due to its poor water retention.
Feed Them Well
Regular fertilization will yield vibrant and healthy flowers, which is part of the reasons you are growing roses. Apply liquid fertilizers weekly and organic matter, compost can be installed monthly. Both applications are beneficial to soil microbes and plants, and it also helps to balance the soil pH. It’s important to follow the instructions of the fertilizer you purchase to avoid a mishap.
Deadhead Your Rose Wisely
Deadheading of rose means cutting the flowers off the plant when they fade- this makes your rose look brighter and vibrant and promotes blooming of more rose other than seeds. A pair of pruning shears should be used to cut off flowers in that it gives a clean-cut that quickly heals and attracts fewer diseases. If you want hips (your rose fruit), then do not deadhead.
Even though its impossible to kill arose bush by over-pruning, you might want to stick to pruning in early spring; prune lightly through the rest season.
Protect Your Rose
All living things fall ill, and rose is not excluded. The plant is commonly attacked by fungal diseases such as rust, black spot and powdery mildew. The best way to protect your rose is to provide a healthy environment for them to thrive and remove dead foliage as these can spread disease too. Like the powdery mildew which appears during summer; to prevent this, prune your roses to allow aeration. Alternatively, you can consider getting disease-resistant roses- they are capable of overcoming diseases.
 Grandifloras – Link